# Re: [R] Replacing for loop with tapply!?

From: Dimitris Rizopoulos <dimitris.rizopoulos_at_med.kuleuven.be>
Date: Fri 10 Jun 2005 - 19:14:16 EST

mat <- matrix(sample(-15:50, 365 * 15000, TRUE), 365, 15000) temps <- c(37, 39, 41)

```#################
```

ind <- matrix(0, length(temps), ncol(mat)) for(i in seq(along = temps)) ind[i, ] <- colSums(mat > temps[i]) ind

I hope it helps.

Best,
Dimitris

Dimitris Rizopoulos
Ph.D. Student
Biostatistical Centre
School of Public Health
Catholic University of Leuven

```Tel: +32/16/336899
Fax: +32/16/337015
Web: http://www.med.kuleuven.ac.be/biostat/
http://www.student.kuleuven.ac.be/~m0390867/dimitris.htm

```
• Original Message ----- From: "Sander Oom" <slist@oomvanlieshout.net> To: <r-help@stat.math.ethz.ch> Sent: Friday, June 10, 2005 10:50 AM Subject: [R] Replacing for loop with tapply!?

> Dear all,
>
> We have a large data set with temperature data for weather stations
> across the globe (15000 stations).
>
> For each station, we need to calculate the number of days a certain
> temperature is exceeded.
>
> So far we used the following S code, where mat88 is a matrix
> containing
> rows of 365 daily temperatures for each of 15000 weather stations:
>
> m <- 37
> n <- 2
> outmat88 <- matrix(0, ncol = 4, nrow = nrow(mat88))
> for(i in 1:nrow(mat88)) {
> # i <- 3
> row1 <- as.data.frame(df88[i, ])
> temprow37 <- select.rows(row1, row1 > m)
> temprow39 <- select.rows(row1, row1 > m + n)
> temprow41 <- select.rows(row1, row1 > m + 2 * n)
> outmat88[i, 1] <- max(row1, na.rm = T)
> outmat88[i, 2] <- count.rows(temprow37)
> outmat88[i, 3] <- count.rows(temprow39)
> outmat88[i, 4] <- count.rows(temprow41)
> }
> outmat88
>
> We have transferred the data to a more potent Linux box running R,
> but
> still hope to speed up the code.
>
> I know a for loop should be avoided when looking for speed. I also
> know
> the answer is in something like tapply, but my understanding of
> these
> commands is still to limited to see the solution. Could someone show
> me
> the way!?
>
>
> Sander.
> --
> --------------------------------------------
> Dr Sander P. Oom
> Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences,
> University of the Witwatersrand
> Private Bag 3, Wits 2050, South Africa
> Tel (work) +27 (0)11 717 64 04
> Tel (home) +27 (0)18 297 44 51
> Fax +27 (0)18 299 24 64
> Email sander@oomvanlieshout.net
> Web www.oomvanlieshout.net/sander
>
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