Re: [R] compiling gap on mac os x

From: Bill Northcott <>
Date: Sat 25 Jun 2005 - 12:51:07 EST

On 24/06/2005, at 8:00 PM, Kenny Ye wrote:
> Hi, I am having trouble compiling package gap
> on Tiger. I have
> installed
> XcodeTools 2.1. The binary version of gap currently available on CRAN
> has some bug and is fixed in the latest version.
> ........
> '/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/2.1.0/Resources/library/gap'
> npackage installation failed
> ld: warning multiple definitions of symbol _i1mach_
> pfc.sim.o definition of _i1mach_ in section (__TEXT,__text)
> /Library/Frameworks/R.framework/R(i1mach.lo) definition of _i1mach_
> ld: 2ld.o has external relocation entries in non-writable section
> (__TEXT,__text) for symbols:
> restFP
> saveFP
> make: *** [] Error 1
> ERROR: compilation failed for package 'gap'

This is caused by using a gcc Fortran compiler build from FSF code with a gcc C compiler built from Apple code.

The Apple gcc library has the restFP, saveFP symbols and these are used by the Apple compiler. So if you try link Fortran code built with an FSF compiler, with an Apple C code library, it will fail because the FSF gcc library included in the link by the Fortran compiler does not have these symbols to satisfy the undefined symbols in the C library. For the full story see:

There are two possible fixes:
1. Use a gcc Fortran compiler built with Apple code such as the one available at You might also try recent builds from
2. Include the Apple gcc library in the link. The standard way of doing this was via a symlink at /usr/lib/libcc_dynamic.a which linked to libgcc.a in the Apple compiler. Then -lcc_dynamic was included in the LDFLAGS. I think this link was dropped in recent versions of MacOS X, around the time they stopped shipping gcc 2.95. You can put in the symlink yourself if its not there, and add the ld flag to the R configuration.

Bill Northcott mailing list PLEASE do read the posting guide! Received on Sat Jun 25 12:58:24 2005

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