Re: [R] fail in adding library in new version.

From: Ivy_Li <Ivy_Li_at_smics.com>
Date: Fri 08 Jul 2005 - 13:30:10 EST


Dear all,

        I really appreciate your help. I think I have a little advancement. ^_^         

        When I enter the Dos environment, at first, into the D:\>, I type the following code: cd Program Files\R\rw2011\
bin\R CMD install /example

"example" is in the d:\, which include the R folder and "DESCRIPTION" file, But I wrote nothing in the "DESCRIPTION" file. Actually, I don't know what I should write in it.

Well, there are still aother error:

Please tell me which step is wrong?
Thanks a lot!

BG
Ivy_Li  

-----原始邮件-----
发件人: Gabor Grothendieck [mailto:ggrothendieck@gmail.com]
发送时间: 2005年7月7日 20:57
收件人: Uwe Ligges
抄送: Ivy_Li; r-help@stat.math.ethz.ch
主题: Re: 答复: 答复: [R] fail in adding library in new version.

On 7/7/05, Uwe Ligges <ligges@statistik.uni-dortmund.de> wrote:
> Gabor Grothendieck wrote:
>
> > On 7/7/05, Uwe Ligges <ligges@statistik.uni-dortmund.de> wrote:
> >
> >>Ivy_Li wrote:
> >>
> >>
> >>>Dear all,
> >>> I have done every step as the previous mail.
> >>>1. unpack tools.zip into c:\cygwin
> >>>2. install Active perl in c:\Perl
> >>>3. install the mingw32 in c:\mingwin
> >>>4. add "c:\cygwin; c:\mingwin\bin" in "Control Panel -> System -> Advanced -> Environment Variables -> Path -> Variable" , and they are in the beginning of the "Path"
> >>
> >> ^
> >>such blanks are not allowed in the PATH variable
> >>
> >>
> >>
> >>
> >>> Because I install R in the D drive, so I set a fold "MyRpackages" in the same drive. Into the "MyRpackages" folder I write a R library named "example", include "DESCRIPTION" file and "R" folder. In the "R" folder, the "example" file just content very simple code as the previous mail said.
> >>> So in the Dos environment, at first, into the D:\>, I type the following code:
> >>>cd Program Files\R\rw2011\
> >>
> >>MyRpackages does not need to be here.
> >>
> >>
> >>>bin\R CMD install /MyRpackages/example
> >>
> >>The first slash in "/MyRPackages" sugests that this is a top level
> >>directory, which does not exist.
> >>Even better, cd to MyRpackages, add R's bin dir to your path variable,
> >>and simply say:
> >>
> >>R CMD INSTALL example
> >
> >
> > Another possibility is to put Rcmd.bat from the batch file collection
> >
> > http://cran.r-project.org/contrib/extra/batchfiles/
> >
> > in your path. It will use the registry to find R so you won't have
> > to modify your path (nor would you have to remodify it every time you
> > install a new version of R which is what you would otherwise have to do):
> >
> > cd \MyPackages
> > Rcmd install example
>
>
> Just for the records:
>
> 1. "cd \MyPackages" won't work, as I have already explained above.

If MyPackages is not a top level directory in the current drive then it will not work. Otherwise it does work.

>
> 2. I do *not* recommend this way, in particular I find it misleading to
> provide these batch files on CRAN.
>

The alternative, at least as discussed in your post, is more work since one will then have to change one's path every time one reinstalls R. This is just needless extra work and is error prone. If you forget to do it then you will be accessing the bin directory of the wrong version of R.

> >>> There are some error:
> >>>'make' is neither internal or external command, nor executable operation or batch file
> >>>*** installation of example failed ***
> >>
> >>Well, make.exe is not find in your path. Please check whether the file
> >>exists and the path has been added.
> >>
> >>Uwe Ligges
> >>
> >>
> >>
> >>>Removing 'D:/PROGRA~1/R/rw2011/library/example'
> >>>
> >>>I think I have closed to success. heehee~~~~~
> >>>Thank you for your help.
> >>>I still need you and others help. Thank you very much!
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>-----原始邮件-----
> >>>发件人: Gabor Grothendieck [mailto:ggrothendieck@gmail.com]
> >>>发送时间: 2005年6月30日 19:16
> >>>收件人: Ivy_Li
> >>>抄送: r-help@stat.math.ethz.ch
> >>>主题: Re: 答复: [R] fail in adding library in new version.
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>On 6/30/05, Ivy_Li <Ivy_Li@smics.com> wrote:
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>>Dear Gabor,
> >>>> Thank your for helping me so much!
> >>>> I have loaded R the newest version 2.1.1. Then I setup it in the path of D:\program files\R\
> >>>>1. unpack tools.zip into c:\cygwin
> >>>>2. install Active perl in c:\Perl
> >>>>3. install the mingw32 in c:\mingwin
> >>>>4. add "c:\cygwin; c:\mingwin\bin" in "Control Panel -> System -> Advanced -> Environment Variables -> Path -> Variable" (In your previous mail, you said "put these at the beginning of the path", I don't understand what is your meaning. Which path?)
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>If in the console you enter the command:
> >>>
> >>>path
> >>>
> >>>then it will display a semicolon separated list of folders. You want the folder
> >>>that contains the tools to be at the beginning so that you eliminate
> >>>the possibility
> >>>of finding a different program of the same name first in a folder that comes
> >>>prior to the one where the tools are stored.
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>>5. I tried an library example. I set a new folder named "example" in the "c:\MyRpackages\". And In the "example" folder, it contain an "DESCRIPTION" file and "R" folder. in "R" folder contain a "example" file. I just write very simple script in it:
> >>>>a<-2; b<-3;sum <- sum(a,b); print(paste(a,"+",b,"=",sum))
> >>>>
> >>>>6. I opened the DOS environment. Into the "D:\>" Type the following code:
> >>>>cd \Program Files\R\rw2010
> >>>>But I don't understand the second line you writed in your previous mail: "bin\R cmd install /MyRPackages/example"
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>I was assuming that MyRPackages and R are on the same disk. If they are not
> >>>then you need to specify the disk too. That is if MyRPackages is on C and R
> >>>is installed on D then install your package via:
> >>>
> >>>d:
> >>>cd \Program Files\R\rw2010
> >>>bin\R CMD install c:/MyRPackages/example
> >>>
> >>>Note that bin\R means to run R.exe in the bin subfolder of the current folder
> >>>using command script install and the indicated source package.
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>>I am not sure that I set up R in "D:\" But I do so much action in C:\ Did I do the correct action? Did I do the action into the correct path?
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>If you are not sure where R is installed then enter the following at the Windows
> >>>console prompt to find out (this will work provided you let it install the key
> >>>into the registry when you installed R initially). The reg command is a command
> >>>built into Windows (I used XP but I assume its the same on other versions)
> >>>that will query the Windows registry:
> >>>
> >>>reg query hklm\software\r-core\r /v InstallPath
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>>I still need your and others help. Thank you very much!
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>-----原始邮件-----
> >>>>发件人: Gabor Grothendieck [mailto:ggrothendieck@gmail.com]
> >>>>发送时间: 2005年6月6日 10:21
> >>>>收件人: Ivy_Li
> >>>>抄送: r-help@stat.math.ethz.ch
> >>>>主题: Re: [R] fail in adding library in new version.
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>On 6/5/05, Ivy_Li <Ivy_Li@smics.com> wrote:
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>>Hello everybody,
> >>>>> Could I consult you a question?
> >>>>> I always use R old version 1.9.1 . Because I can not add my library into the new version 2.0.0 by the same method as old version.
> >>>>
> >>>>Getting the latest version of R is strongly recommended. The suggestions
> >>>>below all assume the latest version and may or may not work if you do
> >>>>not upgrade.
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>>* I have read the webpage <http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/pub/Rtools>
> >>>>>* Download the tools.zip
> >>>>>* Unpack tools.zip into c:\cygwin
> >>>>>* Install Active Perl in c:\Perl
> >>>>>* Install the mingw32 port of gcc in c:\mingwin
> >>>>>* Then go to "Control Panel -> System -> Advanced -> Environment Variables -> Path -> Variable Balue" add ;c:\cygwin;c:\mingwin\bin
> >>>>
> >>>>You may need to put these at the beginning of the path rather than the end.
> >>>>Also just as a check enter
> >>>> path
> >>>>at the console to make sure that you have them. You will likely
> >>>>have to start a new console session and possibly even reboot.
> >>>>
> >>>>Also you need the Microsoft Help Compiler, hhc. Suggest
> >>>>you reread the material on which tools you need.
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>>* Save my library "example" into "c:\MyRpackages\" . But I am not sure what type it is, is it need suffix?" And I don't what its content, just my function script, no special format?
> >>>>
> >>>>In MyRPackages you would have a folder called example, in your case,
> >>>>that contains the package. Within folder example, you would have the
> >>>>DESCRIPTION file, the R folder, etc.
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>>* Then I don't know where should I do this step: Type R CMD INSTALL --build example. Need I run R first?
> >>>>
> >>>>You don't have to run R first. You do need to make sure that R.exe can
> >>>>be found on your path or else use the absolute path name in referring to R.
> >>>>For example, if your path does not include R you could do something like this:
> >>>>
> >>>>cd \Program Files\R\rw2010
> >>>>bin\R cmd install /MyRPackages/example
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>Sorry, there is an error in the above. It should be:
> >>>
> >>>bin\R CMD install c:/MyRPackages/example
> >>>
> >>>or
> >>>
> >>>bin\Rcmd install c:/MyRPackages/example
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>>Be sure to use forward slashes where shown above and backslashes
> >>>>where shown.
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>> So There is a error after I do this step. It said it can not find somethig. I don't which step is wrong. It costed me much time.
> >>>>>
> >>>>
> >>>>Try all these suggestions including upgrading R and if that does not work
> >>>>try posting screen dumps of the actual errors you are getting.
> >>>>
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>Also try googling for
> >>>
> >>> making creating R packages
> >>>
> >>>and you will find some privately written tutorials on all this.
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>
> >>>------------------------------------------------------------------------
> >>>
> >>>______________________________________________
> >>>R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
> >>>https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> >>>PLEASE do read the posting guide! http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> >>
> >>
>
>



R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide! http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html Received on Fri Jul 08 13:47:13 2005

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