答复: [R] fail in adding library in new version.

From: Ivy_Li <Ivy_Li_at_smics.com>
Date: Fri 08 Jul 2005 - 16:08:07 EST


Dear All,

        I imitated the web age "Description" example to make my "description". I wrote: Package: example
Version: 1.0
Date: 2005-07-08
Title: example library
Author: Ivy <Ivy_Li@smics.com>
Maintainer: Ivy <Ivy_Li@smics.com>
Description: simple function
License: GPL Version 2 or later.
Packaged: Fri July 8 13:00:00 2005; Ivy

And In Dos environment, I install "example" library. There are some error:

Then the "DESCRIPTION", "MD5" and "Meta" folder are created in the path of "D:\Program Files\R\rw2011\library\example" So please tell me which step was wrong?
Thank you very much!

-----原始邮件-----
发件人: Gabor Grothendieck [mailto:ggrothendieck@gmail.com] 发送时间: 2005年7月8日 12:48
收件人: Ivy_Li
抄送: Uwe Ligges; r-help@stat.math.ethz.ch 主题: Re: [R] fail in adding library in new version.

There is also an even larger source of examples at:

http://cran.r-project.org/src/contrib/Descriptions/

although the built caveat mentioned below applies here as well.

On 7/7/05, Gabor Grothendieck <ggrothendieck@gmail.com> wrote:
> You cannot use an empty DESCRIPTION file.
> To get more info on the DESCRIPTION file see
> 1.1.1 of the Writing Extensions manual which you
> can get to from the Help | Manuals menu entry in
> the Windows R GUI. There is also an example
> in that section.
>
> Also \Program Files\R\rw2011\library contains one directory per
> package and you can look at the DESCRIPTION files in each
> for additional examples (although these are built files and you don't
> need the Packaged and Built lines since those were added
> automatically).
>
> On 7/7/05, Ivy_Li <Ivy_Li@smics.com> wrote:
> > Dear all,
> > I really appreciate your help. I think I have a little advancement. ^_^
> >
> > When I enter the Dos environment, at first, into the D:\>, I type the following code:
> > cd Program Files\R\rw2011\
> > bin\R CMD install /example
> >
> > "example" is in the d:\, which include the R folder and "DESCRIPTION" file, But I wrote nothing in the "DESCRIPTION" file. Actually, I don't know what I should write in it.
> >
> > Well, there are still aother error:
> >
> > ---------- Making package example ------------
> > adding build stamp to DESCRIPTION
> > error happened.read_description(dfile) : file 'D:/example/DESCRIPTION' is not in valid DCF format
> > Stop execute
> > make[2]: *** [frontmatter] Error 1
> > make[1]: *** [all] Error 2
> > make: *** [pkg-example] Error 2
> > *** Installation of example failed ***
> > Removing 'D:/PROGRA~1/R/rw2011/library/example'
> >
> > Please tell me which step is wrong?
> > Thanks a lot!
> >
> > BG
> > Ivy_Li
> >
> >
> > -----原始邮件-----
> > 发件人: Gabor Grothendieck [mailto:ggrothendieck@gmail.com]
> > 发送时间: 2005年7月7日 20:57
> > 收件人: Uwe Ligges
> > 抄送: Ivy_Li; r-help@stat.math.ethz.ch
> > 主题: Re: 答复: 答复: [R] fail in adding library in new version.
> >
> >
> > On 7/7/05, Uwe Ligges <ligges@statistik.uni-dortmund.de> wrote:
> > > Gabor Grothendieck wrote:
> > >
> > > > On 7/7/05, Uwe Ligges <ligges@statistik.uni-dortmund.de> wrote:
> > > >
> > > >>Ivy_Li wrote:
> > > >>
> > > >>
> > > >>>Dear all,
> > > >>> I have done every step as the previous mail.
> > > >>>1. unpack tools.zip into c:\cygwin
> > > >>>2. install Active perl in c:\Perl
> > > >>>3. install the mingw32 in c:\mingwin
> > > >>>4. add "c:\cygwin; c:\mingwin\bin" in "Control Panel -> System -> Advanced -> Environment Variables -> Path -> Variable" , and they are in the beginning of the "Path"
> > > >>
> > > >> ^
> > > >>such blanks are not allowed in the PATH variable
> > > >>
> > > >>
> > > >>
> > > >>
> > > >>> Because I install R in the D drive, so I set a fold "MyRpackages" in the same drive. Into the "MyRpackages" folder I write a R library named "example", include "DESCRIPTION" file and "R" folder. In the "R" folder, the "example" file just content very simple code as the previous mail said.
> > > >>> So in the Dos environment, at first, into the D:\>, I type the following code:
> > > >>>cd Program Files\R\rw2011\
> > > >>
> > > >>MyRpackages does not need to be here.
> > > >>
> > > >>
> > > >>>bin\R CMD install /MyRpackages/example
> > > >>
> > > >>The first slash in "/MyRPackages" sugests that this is a top level
> > > >>directory, which does not exist.
> > > >>Even better, cd to MyRpackages, add R's bin dir to your path variable,
> > > >>and simply say:
> > > >>
> > > >>R CMD INSTALL example
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > Another possibility is to put Rcmd.bat from the batch file collection
> > > >
> > > > http://cran.r-project.org/contrib/extra/batchfiles/
> > > >
> > > > in your path. It will use the registry to find R so you won't have
> > > > to modify your path (nor would you have to remodify it every time you
> > > > install a new version of R which is what you would otherwise have to do):
> > > >
> > > > cd \MyPackages
> > > > Rcmd install example
> > >
> > >
> > > Just for the records:
> > >
> > > 1. "cd \MyPackages" won't work, as I have already explained above.
> >
> > If MyPackages is not a top level directory in the current drive
> > then it will not work. Otherwise it does work.
> >
> > >
> > > 2. I do *not* recommend this way, in particular I find it misleading to
> > > provide these batch files on CRAN.
> > >
> >
> > The alternative, at least as discussed in your post, is more work
> > since one will then have to change one's path every time one
> > reinstalls R. This is just needless extra work and is error prone. If you
> > forget to do it then you will be accessing the bin directory of the
> > wrong version of R.
> >
> > > >>> There are some error:
> > > >>>'make' is neither internal or external command, nor executable operation or batch file
> > > >>>*** installation of example failed ***
> > > >>
> > > >>Well, make.exe is not find in your path. Please check whether the file
> > > >>exists and the path has been added.
> > > >>
> > > >>Uwe Ligges
> > > >>
> > > >>
> > > >>
> > > >>>Removing 'D:/PROGRA~1/R/rw2011/library/example'
> > > >>>
> > > >>>I think I have closed to success. heehee~~~~~
> > > >>>Thank you for your help.
> > > >>>I still need you and others help. Thank you very much!
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>-----原始邮件-----
> > > >>>发件人: Gabor Grothendieck [mailto:ggrothendieck@gmail.com]
> > > >>>发送时间: 2005年6月30日 19:16
> > > >>>收件人: Ivy_Li
> > > >>>抄送: r-help@stat.math.ethz.ch
> > > >>>主题: Re: 答复: [R] fail in adding library in new version.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>On 6/30/05, Ivy_Li <Ivy_Li@smics.com> wrote:
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>>Dear Gabor,
> > > >>>> Thank your for helping me so much!
> > > >>>> I have loaded R the newest version 2.1.1. Then I setup it in the path of D:\program files\R\
> > > >>>>1. unpack tools.zip into c:\cygwin
> > > >>>>2. install Active perl in c:\Perl
> > > >>>>3. install the mingw32 in c:\mingwin
> > > >>>>4. add "c:\cygwin; c:\mingwin\bin" in "Control Panel -> System -> Advanced -> Environment Variables -> Path -> Variable" (In your previous mail, you said "put these at the beginning of the path", I don't understand what is your meaning. Which path?)
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>If in the console you enter the command:
> > > >>>
> > > >>>path
> > > >>>
> > > >>>then it will display a semicolon separated list of folders. You want the folder
> > > >>>that contains the tools to be at the beginning so that you eliminate
> > > >>>the possibility
> > > >>>of finding a different program of the same name first in a folder that comes
> > > >>>prior to the one where the tools are stored.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>>5. I tried an library example. I set a new folder named "example" in the "c:\MyRpackages\". And In the "example" folder, it contain an "DESCRIPTION" file and "R" folder. in "R" folder contain a "example" file. I just write very simple script in it:
> > > >>>>a<-2; b<-3;sum <- sum(a,b); print(paste(a,"+",b,"=",sum))
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>6. I opened the DOS environment. Into the "D:\>" Type the following code:
> > > >>>>cd \Program Files\R\rw2010
> > > >>>>But I don't understand the second line you writed in your previous mail: "bin\R cmd install /MyRPackages/example"
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>I was assuming that MyRPackages and R are on the same disk. If they are not
> > > >>>then you need to specify the disk too. That is if MyRPackages is on C and R
> > > >>>is installed on D then install your package via:
> > > >>>
> > > >>>d:
> > > >>>cd \Program Files\R\rw2010
> > > >>>bin\R CMD install c:/MyRPackages/example
> > > >>>
> > > >>>Note that bin\R means to run R.exe in the bin subfolder of the current folder
> > > >>>using command script install and the indicated source package.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>>I am not sure that I set up R in "D:\" But I do so much action in C:\ Did I do the correct action? Did I do the action into the correct path?
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>If you are not sure where R is installed then enter the following at the Windows
> > > >>>console prompt to find out (this will work provided you let it install the key
> > > >>>into the registry when you installed R initially). The reg command is a command
> > > >>>built into Windows (I used XP but I assume its the same on other versions)
> > > >>>that will query the Windows registry:
> > > >>>
> > > >>>reg query hklm\software\r-core\r /v InstallPath
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>>I still need your and others help. Thank you very much!
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>-----原始邮件-----
> > > >>>>发件人: Gabor Grothendieck [mailto:ggrothendieck@gmail.com]
> > > >>>>发送时间: 2005年6月6日 10:21
> > > >>>>收件人: Ivy_Li
> > > >>>>抄送: r-help@stat.math.ethz.ch
> > > >>>>主题: Re: [R] fail in adding library in new version.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>On 6/5/05, Ivy_Li <Ivy_Li@smics.com> wrote:
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>>Hello everybody,
> > > >>>>> Could I consult you a question?
> > > >>>>> I always use R old version 1.9.1 . Because I can not add my library into the new version 2.0.0 by the same method as old version.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>Getting the latest version of R is strongly recommended. The suggestions
> > > >>>>below all assume the latest version and may or may not work if you do
> > > >>>>not upgrade.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>>* I have read the webpage <http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/pub/Rtools>
> > > >>>>>* Download the tools.zip
> > > >>>>>* Unpack tools.zip into c:\cygwin
> > > >>>>>* Install Active Perl in c:\Perl
> > > >>>>>* Install the mingw32 port of gcc in c:\mingwin
> > > >>>>>* Then go to "Control Panel -> System -> Advanced -> Environment Variables -> Path -> Variable Balue" add ;c:\cygwin;c:\mingwin\bin
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>You may need to put these at the beginning of the path rather than the end.
> > > >>>>Also just as a check enter
> > > >>>> path
> > > >>>>at the console to make sure that you have them. You will likely
> > > >>>>have to start a new console session and possibly even reboot.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>Also you need the Microsoft Help Compiler, hhc. Suggest
> > > >>>>you reread the material on which tools you need.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>>* Save my library "example" into "c:\MyRpackages\" . But I am not sure what type it is, is it need suffix?" And I don't what its content, just my function script, no special format?
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>In MyRPackages you would have a folder called example, in your case,
> > > >>>>that contains the package. Within folder example, you would have the
> > > >>>>DESCRIPTION file, the R folder, etc.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>>* Then I don't know where should I do this step: Type R CMD INSTALL --build example. Need I run R first?
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>You don't have to run R first. You do need to make sure that R.exe can
> > > >>>>be found on your path or else use the absolute path name in referring to R.
> > > >>>>For example, if your path does not include R you could do something like this:
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>cd \Program Files\R\rw2010
> > > >>>>bin\R cmd install /MyRPackages/example
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>Sorry, there is an error in the above. It should be:
> > > >>>
> > > >>>bin\R CMD install c:/MyRPackages/example
> > > >>>
> > > >>>or
> > > >>>
> > > >>>bin\Rcmd install c:/MyRPackages/example
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>>Be sure to use forward slashes where shown above and backslashes
> > > >>>>where shown.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>> So There is a error after I do this step. It said it can not find somethig. I don't which step is wrong. It costed me much time.
> > > >>>>>
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>>Try all these suggestions including upgrading R and if that does not work
> > > >>>>try posting screen dumps of the actual errors you are getting.
> > > >>>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>Also try googling for
> > > >>>
> > > >>> making creating R packages
> > > >>>
> > > >>>and you will find some privately written tutorials on all this.
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>
> > > >>>------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > >>>
> > > >>>______________________________________________
> > > >>>R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
> > > >>>https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> > > >>>PLEASE do read the posting guide! http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> > > >>
> > > >>
> > >
> > >
> >
>



R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide! http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html Received on Fri Jul 08 16:14:54 2005

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