# Re: [R] how to write assignment form of function

From: Dimitris Rizopoulos <dimitris.rizopoulos_at_med.kuleuven.be>
Date: Wed 10 Aug 2005 - 22:49:08 EST

take a look at e.g., get("levels<-.factor"); you should return "x" in your function, i.e.,

y <- x <- factor(c(1,1,NA,2,3,4,4,4,1,2)) ############
'levels.simple<-' <- function(x, value){

```      attr(x, 'levels') <- value
x
```

}

levels.simple(y) <- c('a', 'b', 'c', 'd') y

I hope it helps.

Best,
Dimitris

Dimitris Rizopoulos
Ph.D. Student
Biostatistical Centre
School of Public Health
Catholic University of Leuven

```Tel: +32/16/336899
Fax: +32/16/337015
Web: http://www.med.kuleuven.be/biostat/
http://www.student.kuleuven.be/~m0390867/dimitris.htm

```
• Original Message ----- From: "Heinz Tuechler" <tuechler@gmx.at> To: <r-help@stat.math.ethz.ch> Sent: Wednesday, August 10, 2005 2:24 PM Subject: [R] how to write assignment form of function

Dear All,

where can I find information about how to write an assigment form of a function?
For curiosity I tried to write a different form of the levels()-function,
since the original method for factor deletes all other attributes of a factor.
Of course, the simple method would be to use instead of levels(x) <- newlevels, attr(x, 'levels') <- newlevels.

attr(x, 'levels') <- value
}

levels.simple(y) <- c('a', 'b', 'c', 'd') # does not what I want y
[1] "a" "b" "c" "d"

Thanks,
Heinz Tüchler

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