Re: [R] Question about curve fitting...

From: Dimitris Rizopoulos <dimitris.rizopoulos_at_med.kuleuven.be>
Date: Thu 11 Aug 2005 - 01:09:00 EST

I think here it's important to consider how the errors term come into the model. If "y = k1 * x^k2 * e" then in the log-scale you have a linear model; however if you assume that "y = k1 * x^k2 + e", the you want a nonlinear model (i.e., nls()). For instance,

x <- runif(500, 1, 3)
y <- 1 * x^2 + rnorm(500)
m <- nls(y ~ exp(k1 + k2 * log(x)), start = c("k1" = 1, "k2" = 2))
c(exp(coef(m)[1]), coef(m)[2])

I hope it helps.

Best,
Dimitris



Dimitris Rizopoulos
Ph.D. Student
Biostatistical Centre
School of Public Health
Catholic University of Leuven

Address: Kapucijnenvoer 35, Leuven, Belgium

Tel: +32/16/336899
Fax: +32/16/337015
Web: http://www.med.kuleuven.be/biostat/
     http://www.student.kuleuven.be/~m0390867/dimitris.htm


> On Wed, 10 Aug 2005, S.O. Nyangoma wrote:
>
>>I see that
>>log(y)=log(k1)+k2*log(x)
>>use lm?
>
> Thats a nice solution in this instance, but in general how do I get
> R to
> fit a particular function (formula) and return the parameters?
>
> Cheers,
> Dan.
>
>>
>>----- Original Message -----
>>From: Dan Bolser <dmb@mrc-dunn.cam.ac.uk>
>>Date: Wednesday, August 10, 2005 11:41 am
>>Subject: [R] Question about curve fitting...
>>
>>>
>>> Meta:
>>> This question is somewhat long and has two parts, I would be very
>>> happyfor someone just to nudge me in the right direction with the
>>> manual /
>>> tutorial, as I am somewhat lost...
>>>
>>>
>>> 1) How do I fit a curve of the form "y = k1 * x^k2" ?
>>>
>>> I want to estimate values of k1 and k2 given the x/y data I have,
>>> and I
>>> can't work out how to get R to calculate and return their
>>> estimates.
>>>
>>>
>>> 2) Given the value of k1 and k2 for population A, how can I test
>>> if
>>> population B has significantly different values of k1 and k2?
>>>
>>> Sorry for the basic question. I think I just need to read up on a
>>> few
>>> functions.
>>>
>>>
>>> I have about 50 xy pairs in total if that makes a difference.
>>>
>>> Dan.
>>>
>>> ______________________________________________
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>>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
>>> PLEASE do read the posting guide!
>>> http://www.R-project.org/posting-
>>> guide.html
>>
>
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R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide! http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html Received on Thu Aug 11 01:12:29 2005

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