# Re: [R] matrix conformity with matrix 1x1 and scalars

From: Prof Brian Ripley <ripley_at_stats.ox.ac.uk>
Date: Tue 23 Aug 2005 - 21:02:14 EST

On Tue, 23 Aug 2005, Andres Legarra wrote:

> Hello,
> I am calculating this thing with vectors (b) and matrices (G,P):
> b'G/sqrt(b'Pb)
> where the denominator is a quadratic form and therefore always a scalar.
>
> In Scilab, it is quite simple:
> b'*G/sqrt(b'*P*b)
> However, in R, the denominator is an (1x1)matrix and R claims it is non
> conformable and I have to use drop() or as.numeric(). Like this:
>> b = 1:2
>> G=diag(1,2)
>> P=diag(2,2)
>> (t(b)%*%G) / drop( sqrt( t(b)%*%P%*%b ) )
> [,1] [,2]
> [1,] 0.3162278 0.6324555
>
> So far, so good. My problem is solved. However I found a little bit annoying
> that R is not so "clever" as to realize that b'Pb can be interpreted as a
> scalar. I wonder :
> would it be worth considering the implementation in R of
> "recycling 1x1 matrix to scalars if appropriate"?
> Just to leave the question on the ground...

This "clever"ness often leads to running code that the users did not intend to work that way and so give misleading answers. In retrospect many of us think R/S should be less "clever" than it is, since guessing the minds of end-users is a dangerous pursuit. In particular, as a recent posting on operator precedence shows, some users will have very different preconceptions from the developers, _and_ blame the developers for not having their perconceptions.

```--
Brian D. Ripley,                  ripley@stats.ox.ac.uk
Professor of Applied Statistics,  http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272866 (PA)
Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

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