Re: [R] stratified Wilcoxon available?

From: Thomas Lumley <>
Date: Mon 29 Aug 2005 - 12:02:59 EST

On Sun, 28 Aug 2005, Heinz Tuechler wrote:

> Thanks to Peter Dalgaard and Frank Harrell for your answers. Fortunately I
> don't have an urgent need for this test, but it may be in the future.
> Still I would be grateful if someone could comment on my opinion that using
> survdiff and regarding all the measures as events would lead to an
> equivalent test.

In the absence of ties, yes. In the presence of ties I think survdiff() does something slightly different from what would be usual for the Wilcoxon test. This would matter only with many tied observations.


> Thanks,
> Heinz Tüchler
> At 15:18 28.08.2005 -0500, Frank E Harrell Jr wrote:
>> Peter Dalgaard wrote:
>>> Heinz Tuechler <> writes:
>>>> Dear All,
>>>> is there a stratified version of the Wilcoxon test (also known as van
>>>> Elteren test) available in R?
>>>> I could find it in the survdiff function of the survival package for
>>>> censored data. I think, it should be possible to use this function creating
>>>> a dummy censoring indicator and setting it to not censored, but may be
>>>> there is a better way to perform the test.
>>> Not easily, I think. I played with the stratified Kruskal Wallis test
>>> (which is the same thing for larger values of 2...) with a grad
>>> student some years ago, but we never got it integrated as an "official"
>>> R function.
>>> It was not massively hard to code, as I recall it. Basically, you
>>> convert observations to within-stratum ranks, scaled so that the
>>> scores have similar variance (this is crucial: just adding the
>>> per-stratum rank sums won't work). You can then get the relevant SSD
>>> from lm(), by comparing the models "r ~ group + strata" and "r ~
>>> strata". This SSD can be looked up as a chi-square statistic, possibly
>>> after applying a scale factor which I have forgotten.... (I.e. do your
>>> own math, don't trust me!)
>> You might think of such a stratified test as part of a proportional odds
>> model with adjustment for strata as main effects. The Wilcoxon tests is
>> a special case of the PO model. You can fit it with polr or lrm.
>> --
>> Frank E Harrell Jr Professor and Chair School of Medicine
>> Department of Biostatistics Vanderbilt University
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Thomas Lumley			Assoc. Professor, Biostatistics	University of Washington, Seattle

______________________________________________ mailing list PLEASE do read the posting guide! Received on Mon Aug 29 12:14:33 2005

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