Re: [R] pdf font embedding --- again

From: Paul Murrell <p.murrell_at_auckland.ac.nz>
Date: Tue 30 Aug 2005 - 10:19:47 EST

Hi

ivo_welch-rstat8303@mailblocks.com wrote:
> Hi Paul:
>
> You are correct. it was the same little bug I hit on. Specifying the
> full (not the symlinked) afm filenames lets me run the code. No R
> error. yoohoo!
>
> alas, the files don't seem to come out right. I can use these commands
> on the R postscript() and on the R pdf() device. they have an effect
> on both. (that is, if I grep for lucida in the resulting ps or pdf
> file, respectively, the word lucida appears in both files). alas,
> usage is another story:

Right, the fonts are referred to in the PostScript or PDF file, but no font information is embedded. Now we move to the second problem I mentioned, embedding the fonts. Can you try using ghostscript? (see my first post)

Paul

> $ pdffonts tonativepdf.pdf
> name type emb sub uni object ID
> ------------------------------------ ------------ --- --- --- ---------
> ZapfDingbats Type 1 no no no 5 0
> Helvetica Type 1 no no no 10 0
> Helvetica-Bold Type 1 no no no 11 0
> Helvetica-Oblique Type 1 no no no 12 0
> Helvetica-BoldOblique Type 1 no no no 13 0
> Symbol Type 1 no no no 14 0
> LucidaBright Type 1 no no no 15 0
> LucidaBright-Demi Type 1 no no no 16 0
> LucidaBright-Italic Type 1 no no no 17 0
> LucidaBright-DemiItalic Type 1 no no no 18 0
> LucidaNewMath-Symbol Type 1 no no no 19 0
>
> This is not so great. I had hoped to get rid of the Helvetica fonts
> here. Moreover, if I run my "firsttops.ps" file through ps2pdf12, I
> see
>
> $ ps2pdf12 firsttops.ps firsttops.pdf ; pdffonts firsttops.pdf
> name type emb sub uni object ID
> ------------------------------------ ------------ --- --- --- ---------
> Helvetica Type 1 no no no 9 0
>
> So, it seems that the lucida font is not used, and therefore optimized
> away.
>
> regards,
>
> /ivo
>
>
> ---
> ivo welch
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Paul Murrell <p.murrell@auckland.ac.nz>
> To: ivo_welch-rstat8303@mailblocks.com
> Cc: ripley@stats.ox.ac.uk; r-help@stat.math.ethz.ch
> Sent: Tue, 30 Aug 2005 11:49:38 +1200
> Subject: Re: [R] pdf font embedding --- again
>
> Hi
>
> ivo_welch-rstat8303@mailblocks.com wrote:
> > > > Ooops. hit the button too soon. I have tried as arguments
> variation of > the fonts and family arguments to postscript, such as
> getting the case > right (i.e., lucida rather than Lucida). Alas
> > > > postscript(file="test.ps", fonts="lucida");
> > *** glibc detected *** free(): invalid pointer: 0x0000000000f7dfb8
> ***
> > > this is under R 2.1.1, 2005-06-20, built under gentoo from
> scratch.
> > > so, the problem is probably now internal, not the commands. I
> guess I > will now investigate glibc in a little more detail...
>
> You might just be tickling the segfault you reported earlier (which
> appears to happen [sometimes] when R cannot find the AFM files).
> Try ...
>
> afmfiles <- c("/usr/share/texmf/fonts/afm/yandy/lubright/lbr.afm",
> "/usr/share/texmf/fonts/afm/yandy/lubright/lbd.afm",
> "/usr/share/texmf/fonts/afm/yandy/lubright/lbi.afm",
> "/usr/share/texmf/fonts/afm/yandy/lubright/lbdi.afm",
> "/usr/share/texmf/fonts/afm/yandy/lubright/lbms.afm")
>
> Paul
>
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Paul Murrell <p.murrell@auckland.ac.nz>
> > To: Paul Murrell <paul@stat.auckland.ac.nz>
> > Cc: ivo_welch-rstat8303@mailblocks.com; ripley@stats.ox.ac.uk; >
> r-help@stat.math.ethz.ch
> > Sent: Tue, 30 Aug 2005 10:04:11 +1200
> > Subject: Re: [R] pdf font embedding --- again
> > > Hi
> > > Paul Murrell wrote:
> > > Hi
> > > > I think there are two problems:
> > > > (i) You are specifying the font incorrectly. Try ...
> > > > # You might need to specify full paths to these
> > > afmfiles <- c("lbr.afm", "lbd.afm", "lbi.afm", "lbdi.afm",
> "lbms.afm");
> > > # Set up the mapping for "lucida" font family
> > > postscriptFonts(lucida=postscriptFont("Lucida", metrics=afmfiles))
> > > # Specify that the "lucida" font is to be used
> > > postscript(file="test.ps", family="lucida");
> > > Thanks to Brian Ripley for pointing out that that should be ...
> > > postscript(file="test.ps", fonts="lucida");
> > > > l<- 40:80;
> > > plot(l,l,pch=l);
> > > dev.off();
> > > > Should work for pdf() too.
> > > > This should put a reference to the appropriate font in the >
> PostScript or > PDF file that R creates.
> > > > (ii) R does not embed font information. But you can, for
> example, > use > ghostscript to do it, as long as you tell ghostscript
> about the > font > too. You might have to set up a file 'FontMap' which
> looks > something > like ...
> > > > /Lucida (PATH_TO/lb___.pfb);
> > > > ... (assuming that lb___.pfb is the name of the .pfb file for
> the > Lucida > font). Then try something like (NOTE that you have to
> specify
> > >> GS_FONTPATH to tell ghostscript where your FontMap file is) ...
> > > > > GS_FONTPATH=PATH_TO_FontMap gs -dBATCH -dNOPAUSE
> -sDEVICE=pdfwrite
> > >> -sPAPERSIZE=a4 -sOutputFile=testembed.pdf test.pdf
> > > > > This should give you a file with the font info embedded and
> then > you > should be able to include that in a LaTeX document.
> > > > Paul
> > > > p.s. Thanks for the segfault report. I will look at why that is
>

>>happening.

>
> > > > > ivo_welch-rstat8303@mailblocks.com wrote:
> > > >> Thank you---as always.
> > >>
> > >> still, I remain font-desparate.
> > >>
> > >> I would love to use the fonts from my book, but [a] I cannot
> figure > >> out how to do this yet even in the R postscript device; and
> [b] I am > >> using the R pdf device, not the postscript device. I
> guess if I can > >> solve [a], then I can rewrite all my graphics
> creations now into the > >> postscript device, and replace the
> dev.off() with something that >> > follows it with ps2pdf. The
> following attempt, however, does not work:
> > >>
> > >> afmfiles <- c("lbr.afm", "lbd.afm", "lbi.afm", "lbdi.afm", >> >
> "lbms.afm");
> > >> Lucida <- postscriptFont("Lucida", metrics=afmfiles);
> > >> postscript(file="test.ps", family=Lucida);
> > >> l<- 40:80;
> > >> plot(l,l,pch=l);
> > >> dev.off();
> > >>
> > >> By the way, if I try " postscript(family=afmfiles);" then I do
> not > >> get an R error, but R 2.1.0 segfaults, which is probably not
> >> > desirable. This occurs even if there is no .afm file in the
> current >> > directory.
> > >>
> > >>
> > >> Can I make a suggestion to the R team? It would be nice if I
> could > >> specify a pdf() device parameter that says "choose font
> settings to > >> embed all fonts" (i.e., do not use fonts that cannot
> be embedded, >> > either). Something that guarantees me that I get a
> figure that I can >> > give to someone that is fully specified. Right
> now, accomplishing >> > this is not easy to figure out, and perhaps not
> even possible. Yes, >> > in the list of font families that R recognizes
> are some fonts that do >> > not seem among the 13 standard fonts (such
> as URWbookman). moreover, >> > if I choose it as my pdf font family, it
> is smart enough to use a >> > different symbol file ('StandardSymL'),
> which I hope is also open and >> > not adobe. If so, they could be used
> in principle. How do I get R to >> > embed URWbookman? ZapfDingbats
> always seems to be included, so I hope >> > this is open and
> embeddable.
> > >>
> > >> more help would be highly appreciated.
> > >>
> > >> Regards,
> > >>
> > >> /iaw
> > >> ---
> > >> ivo welch
> > >>
> > >> -----Original Message-----
> > >> From: Prof Brian Ripley <ripley@stats.ox.ac.uk>
> > >> To: ivo_welch-rstat8303@mailblocks.com
> > >> Cc: r-help@stat.math.ethz.ch
> > >> Sent: Mon, 22 Aug 2005 17:07:14 +0100 (BST)
> > >> Subject: Re: [R] pdf font embedding --- again
> > >>
> > >> On Mon, 22 Aug 2005 ivo_welch-rstat8303@mailblocks.com wrote:
> > >>
> > >> >
> > >> > dear R wizards--- I would like to do some book-on-demand
> printing
> > >>> at a
> >>
> > >> > popular printer named lulu, but lulu requires inclusion even of
> the
> > >> > basic postscript fonts. Interestingly, my book itself does not
> need
> > >> > the 14 base acrobat fonts, only the embedded R figures do. Of
> course,
> > >> > I really would like to get pdftex to embed the fonts, but how
> to do
> > >> > this is not obvious either. [This method seems to be what the R
> help
> > >> > page is indicating... The software including the PostScript
> plot file
> > >> > should either embed the font outlines (usually from '.pfb' or
> '.pfa'
> > >> > files) or use DSC comments to instruct the print spooler to do
> so.)
> > >>
> > >> Why not use the fonts your book does use in the figures? (That's
> how
> > >> my books are done.)
> > >>
> > >> > So, I would really, really like to embed the necessary fonts
> with
> > >>> the R
> >>
> > >> > figures. I first reread the discussion in this mailing list
> about
> > >> > (eps) font embedding earlier this year. This was ultimately not
> very
> > >> > helpful. First, I do not know how to instruct my embedding
> program to
> > >> > include the fonts that R figures want. Second, I already start
> with
> > >> > the pdf device, so distilling eps files is not a good
> option--and it
> > >> > would seem a bit crazy to first use the wrong output device
> > >> > (postscript), then ship my files over to a windows machine
> somewhere
> > >> > that has distiller installed, run distiller by hand, then ftp
> them > >> back
> > >> > to my linux machine---just for getting the fonts embedded.
> > >> >
> > >> > Is it impossible to get R to embed the necessary fonts in its
> pdf
> > >> > output?
> > >>
> > >> Yes, as it has no access to them. They are not Open Source. You
> may
> > >>> be able to use URW clones, depending on their licensing
> conditions.
> >>
> > >>
> > >> -- Brian D. Ripley, ripley@stats.ox.ac.uk
> > >> Professor of Applied Statistics,
> http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
> > >> University of Oxford, Tel: +44 1865 272861 (self)
> > >> 1 South Parks Road, +44 1865 272866 (PA)
> > >> Oxford OX1 3TG, UK Fax: +44 1865 272595
> > >>
> > >> ______________________________________________
> > >> R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
> > >> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> > >> PLEASE do read the posting guide! >> >
> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> > > > >
> > -- Dr Paul Murrell
> > Department of Statistics
> > The University of Auckland
> > Private Bag 92019
> > Auckland
> > New Zealand
> > 64 9 3737599 x85392
> > paul@stat.auckland.ac.nz
> > http://www.stat.auckland.ac.nz/~paul/
> > >
> -- Dr Paul Murrell
> Department of Statistics
> The University of Auckland
> Private Bag 92019
> Auckland
> New Zealand
> 64 9 3737599 x85392
> paul@stat.auckland.ac.nz
> http://www.stat.auckland.ac.nz/~paul/
>
> ______________________________________________
> R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> PLEASE do read the posting guide! http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
-- 
Dr Paul Murrell
Department of Statistics
The University of Auckland
Private Bag 92019
Auckland
New Zealand
64 9 3737599 x85392
paul@stat.auckland.ac.nz
http://www.stat.auckland.ac.nz/~paul/

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Received on Tue Aug 30 10:27:14 2005

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