Re: [R] problem accumulating array within a function over loops

From: Dimitris Rizopoulos <dimitris.rizopoulos_at_med.kuleuven.be>
Date: Wed 05 Oct 2005 - 19:57:26 EST

try it this way:

a <- array(NA, c(3, 5))
for(i in 1:nrow(a))

    a[i, ] <- c(runif(3), i, i * 10)
a

I hope it helps.

Best,
Dimitris



Dimitris Rizopoulos
Ph.D. Student
Biostatistical Centre
School of Public Health
Catholic University of Leuven

Address: Kapucijnenvoer 35, Leuven, Belgium

Tel: +32/(0)16/336899
Fax: +32/(0)16/337015
Web: http://www.med.kuleuven.be/biostat/
     http://www.student.kuleuven.be/~m0390867/dimitris.htm


> Dear R helpers,
>
> I am having trouble with an array inside a loop.
>
> I wish to accumulate the results of a function in an array within
> the function, over several loops of a program outside the function.
>
> The problem is that the array seems to re-set at every entry to the
> function. Here is an example, so you can see what I mean.
>
> ########################################################################
> #First, I declare the array and loop control variables
> maxrun=3; a=array(NA, c(3,5)); run=0
>
> # Then I define the function "testf"
> testf=function(x,y){
> print(paste('Run:',run)) #check that the function knows about "run"
> a[run,1:3]=runif(3); a[run,4]=x; a[run,5]=y #collect numbers into
> array "a"
> print(paste("Row", run, "of a:")); print(a[run,]) #check what row
> 'run' of
> "a" contains
> print("Whole of a:"); print(a) # check what all of "a" contains
> }
>
> #Finally, I loop through "testf" maxrun occasions
> for (run in 1:maxrun) testf(run,run*10)
> #########################################################################
>
> Here is the output:-
>
> [1] "Run: 1"
> [1] "Row 1 of a:"
> [1] 0.4637560 0.8872455 0.6421500 1.0000000 10.0000000
> [1] "Whole of a:"
> [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5]
> [1,] 0.4637560 0.8872455 0.64215 1 10
> [2,] NA NA NA NA NA
> [3,] NA NA NA NA NA
> [1] "Run: 2"
> [1] "Row 2 of a:"
> [1] 0.4841261 0.8835118 0.9862266 2.0000000 20.0000000
> [1] "Whole of a:"
> [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5]
> [1,] NA NA NA NA NA
> [2,] 0.4841261 0.8835118 0.9862266 2 20
> [3,] NA NA NA NA NA
> [1] "Run: 3"
> [1] "Row 3 of a:"
> [1] 0.7638856 0.6667588 0.6102928 3.0000000 30.0000000
> [1] "Whole of a:"
> [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5]
> [1,] NA NA NA NA NA
> [2,] NA NA NA NA NA
> [3,] 0.7638856 0.6667588 0.6102928 3 30
>
> You can see that array a correctly collects the numbers at each
> loop.
> But, each successive loop loses the contents of previous loops. I am
> hoping to keep the results of each successive loop in "a", so that
> after maxrun runs, "a" looks like:-
>
> [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5]
> [1,] 0.4637560 0.8872455 0.64215 1 10
> [2,] 0.4841261 0.8835118 0.9862266 2 20
> [3,] 0.7638856 0.6667588 0.6102928 3 30
>
> (I have made this by cutting and pasting from the above output, to
> show
> what I hoped testf would produce).
>
> I am sure I must be making a simple but fundamental error. Would
> someone be so kind as to show me what this is and how to correct it?
> I have struggled with it for over an hour, without success!!!!!
> I am running R 2.1.1 on a Windows 2000 machine.
>
> Thanks, in advance, for your help,
>
> Jonathan Williams
>
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R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide! http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html Received on Wed Oct 05 20:07:29 2005

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