[R] varimax rotation difference between R and SPSS

From: Andreas Cordes <andreas.cordes_at_stud.uni-goettingen.de>
Date: Fri 14 Oct 2005 - 00:13:07 EST


Hi,
I am puzzeled with a differing result of princomp in R and FACTOR in SPSS. Regarding the amount of explained Variance, the two results are the same. However, the loadings differ substantially, in the unrotated as well as in the rotated form.
In both cases correlation matrices are analyzed. The sums of the squared components is one in both programs.
Maybe there is an obvious reason, but I somehow fail to see it.

Best Regards
Andreas

This is the output generated by R:

pc<-princomp(dat[,-c(1,2)],cor=T)
 > pc$loadings[,1:2]

             Comp.1 Comp.2

DS140_01 -0.2040579 -0.3837623
DS140_02  0.2351527 -0.3241166
DS140_03 -0.1391408 -0.3864510
DS140_04  0.2784596 -0.2512202
DS140_05  0.2823365 -0.2779157
DS140_06  0.2928942  0.1218132
DS140_07  0.2601528 -0.1162116
DS140_08  0.2737338  0.2811998
DS140_09  0.3012719 -0.1714994
DS140_10  0.2653410  0.3159160
DS140_11  0.2590944  0.2347922
DS140_12  0.2837112 -0.2653533
DS140_13  0.3246268 -0.2187217
DS140_14  0.2896170  0.2190227

 > varimax(pc$loadings[,1:2])
$loadings

Loadings:

         Comp.1 Comp.2
DS140_01        -0.424
DS140_02  0.390      
DS140_03  0.146 -0.384
DS140_04  0.375      
DS140_05  0.395      
DS140_06  0.143  0.283
DS140_07  0.273      
DS140_08         0.392
DS140_09  0.340      
DS140_10         0.413
DS140_11         0.347
DS140_12  0.388      
DS140_13  0.389      
DS140_14         0.355

               Comp.1 Comp.2
SS loadings     1.000  1.000

Proportion Var 0.071 0.071
Cumulative Var 0.071 0.143

$rotmat

           [,1] [,2]
[1,] 0.7585207 0.6516489
[2,] -0.6516489 0.7585207

This is the output generated by SPSS

Call:

FACTOR
/VARIABLES ds140_01 ds140_02 ds140_03 ds140_04 ds140_05 ds140_06 ds140_07
  ds140_08 ds140_09 ds140_10 ds140_11 ds140_12 ds140_13 ds140_14 /MISSING   LISTWISE /ANALYSIS ds140_01 ds140_02 ds140_03 ds140_04 ds140_05 ds140_06   ds140_07 ds140_08 ds140_09 ds140_10 ds140_11 ds140_12 ds140_13 ds140_14
/PRINT INITIAL EXTRACTION ROTATION
/FORMAT BLANK(.10)
/CRITERIA MINEIGEN(1) ITERATE(25)
/EXTRACTION PC
/CRITERIA ITERATE(25)
/ROTATION VARIMAX
/METHOD=CORRELATION .
unrotaded loadings

DS140_01    -0,472589983    0,56095286
DS140_02    0,54460413    0,47376757
DS140_03    -0,322244458    0,564883041
DS140_04    0,644901386    0,367213521
DS140_05    0,653880049    0,406234844
DS140_06    0,678331281    -0,178056681
DS140_07    0,602503396    0,169868767
DS140_08    0,633956607    -0,411035327
DS140_09    0,697733664    0,250684012
DS140_10    0,614519123    -0,461780638
DS140_11    0,60005226    -0,3432004
DS140_12    0,657063717    0,387872152
DS140_13    0,751822595    0,319709742
DS140_14    0,670741388    -0,320149821

rotated lodings

DS140_01                             -0,733417555
DS140_02    0,721512351     
DS140_03    0,108433988    -0,641230389
DS140_04    0,731634009    0,124319125
DS140_05    0,763297939     
DS140_06    0,412130295    0,567438215
DS140_07    0,573827679    0,250175009
DS140_08    0,230223944    0,719616533
DS140_09    0,698707567    0,2479566
DS140_10    0,183040757    0,746572965
DS140_11    0,246954311    0,645649128
DS140_12    0,754130666    0,11603651

DS140_13 0,78428374 0,228802423
DS140_14 0,316255625 0,672586274

rotation matrix

    1 2
1 0,773826782 0,633397277
2 0,633397277 -0,773826782



R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide! http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html Received on Fri Oct 14 00:21:37 2005

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.1.8 : Fri 03 Mar 2006 - 03:40:44 EST