From: Gabor Grothendieck <ggrothendieck_at_gmail.com>

Date: Sun 11 Dec 2005 - 04:58:04 EST

R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list

https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide! http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html Received on Sun Dec 11 05:21:06 2005

Date: Sun 11 Dec 2005 - 04:58:04 EST

integrate returns a list, not just the value. Try integrate(...)$value See ?integrate for details.

On 12/10/05, Tolga Uzuner <tolga@coubros.com> wrote:

*> Hi,
**>
*

> Having a weird problem with the integrate function.

*>
**> I have a function which calculates a loss density: I'd like to integrate
**> it to get the distribution.
**>
**> The loss density function is:
**>
**> lossdensity<-function(p,Beta,R=0.4){
**> # the second derivative of the PDF
**> # p is the default probability of the pool at which we are evaluating
**> the lossdensity
**> # Beta is the correlation with the market factor as a function of K
**> # R is the recovery rate
**> K=p
**> C=qnorm(p) # default threshold for the pool
**> A=1/Beta(K)*(C-sqrt(1-Beta(K)^2)*qnorm(K/(1-R)))
**> B=qnorm(K/(1-R))
**> alpha0=dnorm(A)*sqrt(1-Beta(K)^2)/(dnorm(B)*Beta(K)*(1-R))
**> alpha10=-2*dnorm(A)*(C*Beta(K)-A)/(Beta(K)*(1-Beta(K)^2))
**> alpha11=(1-R)*dnorm(A)*dnorm(B)*(Beta(K)-A/Beta(K)*(C*Beta(K)-A))/((1-Beta(K)^2)^1.5)
**> alpha20=(1-R)*dnorm(A)*dnorm(B)/sqrt(1-Beta(K)^2)
**> return(alpha0+(alpha10+alpha11*fd(K,Beta))*fd(K,Beta)+alpha20*fd2(K,Beta))
**> }
**>
**> Beta needs to be passed in as a function:
**>
**> Beta<-splinefun(c(.03,.06,.09,.12,.22,.6),c(.117,.248,.35,.426,.603,1),method="natural")
**>
**> Now, when I try out lossdensity, it works fine:
**>
**> > lossdensity(.02,Beta,.4)
**> [1] 0.1444915
**>
**> I defined lossdistribution as:
**>
**> lossdistribution<-function(p,Beta,R=0.4){
**> integrate(function(x)lossdensity(x,Beta,R),0.0000000000001,p)}
**>
**>
**> But this gives a weird error:
**>
**> > lossdistribution(0.1,Beta)
**> Error in "[<-"(`*tmp*`, k, i, value = c(4.29850518211428, 0, 0, 0, 0, :
**> number of items to replace is not a multiple of replacement length
**>
**>
**> What's interesting is, if I use the area function from library(MASS), it
**> works:
**>
**> > lossdistribution<-function(p,Beta,R=0.4){
**> + area(function(x){lossdensity(x,Beta,R)},0.00001,p)}
**> > lossdistribution(.02,Beta,.4)
**> [1] 0.0002177284
**>
**>
**> I could just go ahead and use that, but would like to understand why
**> integrate is not working.
**>
**> Thanks in advance,
**> Tolga
**>
**> ______________________________________________
**> R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
**> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
**> PLEASE do read the posting guide! http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
**>
*

R-help@stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list

https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide! http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html Received on Sun Dec 11 05:21:06 2005

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