# Re: [R] transforming data frame for use with persp

From: Roger Bivand <Roger.Bivand_at_nhh.no>
Date: Tue 14 Feb 2006 - 19:24:06 EST

On Mon, 13 Feb 2006, Denis Chabot wrote:

> Hi,
>
> This is probably documented, but I cannot find the right words or
> expression for a search. My attempts failed.
>
> I have a data frame of 3 vectors (x, y and z) and would like to
> transform this so that I could use persp. Presently I have y-level
> copies of each x level, and a z value for each x-y pair. I need 2
> columns giving the possible levels of x and y, and then a
> transformation of z from a long vector into a matrix of x-level rows
> and y-level columns. How do I accomplish this?

Well, image() and friends have a rather strange representation, so it isn't obvious (see the help page:

```     "Notice that 'image' interprets the 'z' matrix as a table of
'f(x[i], y[j])' values, so that the x axis corresponds to row
number and the y axis to column number, with column 1 at the
bottom, i.e. a 90 degree counter-clockwise rotation of the
conventional printed layout of a matrix.").

```

So:

Depth <- seq(40,220, 20)
Temp <- seq(-1, 6, 0.5)
My.data <- expand.grid(Depth=Depth, Temp=Temp) predgam <- -0.5*My.data\$Depth + 12.5*My.data\$Temp + 8*rnorm(nrow(My.data)) pred.data <- data.frame(My.data, predgam) library(lattice)
levelplot(predgam ~ Depth + Temp, pred.data) # for sanity check z <- t(matrix(predgam, nrow=length(Temp), byrow=TRUE)) # see "Notice" image(Depth, Temp, z)
persp(Depth, Temp, z)

should do it, since the data are already in a regular grid.

>
> In this example, I made a set of x and y values to get predictions
> from a GAM, then combined them with the predictions into a data
> frame. This is the one I'd like to transform as described above:
>
> My.data <- expand.grid(Depth=seq(40,220, 20), Temp=seq(-1, 6, 0.5))
> predgam <- predict.gam(dxt.gam, My.data, type="response")
> pred.data <- data.frame(My.data, predgam)
>
> pred.data has 150 lines and 3 columns.
>
>
> Denis Chabot
>
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>

```--
Roger Bivand
Economic Geography Section, Department of Economics, Norwegian School of