Re: [R] shading under the lines in a lattice xyplot?

From: Andy Bunn <abunn_at_whrc.org>
Date: Thu 16 Feb 2006 - 05:52:19 EST


> -----Original Message-----
> From: Sundar Dorai-Raj [mailto:sundar.dorai-raj@pdf.com]
> Sent: Wednesday, February 15, 2006 1:40 PM
> To: Andy Bunn
> Cc: R-Help
> Subject: Re: [R] shading under the lines in a lattice xyplot?
>
>
>
>
> Andy Bunn wrote:
> > In the lattice plot below I want to fill-in the areas under
> each lines that
> > are greater than zero in gray. Is there a straightforward way
> to go about
> > this? Thanks, Andy
> >
> > library(lattice)
> > foo <- data.frame(Yrs=rep(1:50,4), Y=rnorm(200),
> > Id=unlist(lapply(letters[1:4],rep,50)))
> > xyplot(Y~Yrs|Id, data = foo,
> > panel = function(x,y) {
> > panel.abline(h=0)
> > panel.lines(x,y, col = "black")
> > })
> >
>
> Hi, Andy,
>
> The following seems to work. It relies on two functions I have in my
> personal package: find.zero, lpolygon. Let me know what you think.
>
> library(lattice)
>
> foo <- data.frame(Yrs = rep(1:50, 4), Y = rnorm(200),
> Id = unlist(lapply(letters[1:4], rep, 50)))
>
> lpolygon <- function (x, y = NULL, border = NULL, col = NULL, ...) {
> require(grid, TRUE)
> xy <- xy.coords(x, y)
> x <- xy$x
> y <- xy$y
> gp <- list(...)
> if (!is.null(border)) gp$col <- border
> if (!is.null(col)) gp$fill <- col
> gp <- do.call("gpar", gp)
> grid.polygon(x, y, gp = gp, default.units = "native")
> }
>
> find.zero <- function(x, y) {
> n <- length(y)
> yy <- c(0, y)
> wy <- which(yy[-1] * yy[-n - 1] < 0)
> if(!length(wy)) return(NULL)
> xout <- sapply(wy, function(i) {
> n <- length(x)
> ii <- c(i - 1, i)
> approx(y[ii], x[ii], 0)$y
> })
> xout
> }
>
> trellis.par.set(theme = col.whitebg())
> xyplot(Y ~ Yrs | Id, data = foo,
> panel = function(x,y) {
> x.zero <- find.zero(x, y)
> y.zero <- y > 0
> yy <- c(y[y.zero], rep(0, length(x.zero)))
> xx <- c(x[y.zero], x.zero)
> ord <- order(xx)
> xx <- xx[ord]
> xx <- c(xx[1], xx, xx[length(xx)])
> yy <- c(0, yy[ord], 0)
> lpolygon(xx, yy, col = "gray")
> yy <- c(y[!y.zero], rep(0, length(x.zero)))
> xx <- c(x[!y.zero], x.zero)
> ord <- order(xx)
> xx <- xx[ord]
> xx <- c(xx[1], xx, xx[length(xx)])
> yy <- c(0, yy[ord], 0)
> lpolygon(xx, yy, col = "red", border = FALSE)
> panel.lines(x, y, col = "black")
> panel.abline(h = 0)
> })
>

Sundar: That is exactly what I wanted. I had been trying something along those lines and just realized I needed to find the zeros when your email came in. That's perfect. Thanks, Andy



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