[R] Regex engine types

From: Patrick Connolly <p_connolly_at_ihug.co.nz>
Date: Sat 10 Jun 2006 - 12:46:41 EST


> version

         _
platform x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu

arch     x86_64                  
os       linux-gnu               
system   x86_64, linux-gnu       
status                           
major    2                       
minor    2.1                     
year     2005                    
month    12                      
day      20                      
svn rev  36812                   
language R                       

>

> grep("[W-Z]", LETTERS, value = TRUE)

[1] "W" "X" "Y" "Z"

That's what I'd have expected.

> grep("[W-Z]", letters, value = TRUE)

[1] "x" "y" "z"

Not what I'd have thought. However,

> grep("[B-D]", letters, value = TRUE, perl = TRUE)
character(0)

So what is it that standard regular expressions use that's different from Perl-type ones?

The help file for grep refers to POSIX 1003.2 which looked a bit daunting to delve into. From my limited reading, it seems there are different gegex "Engine Types" which seems to be getting somewhat tangential to what I was working on. I could probably avoid problems if I always set perl=TRUE, but it would be good to know what basic and extended regular expressions do that's different. If someone has a quick line or two describing it, I'd be interested to know.

Thanks

-- 
~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.   
   ___    Patrick Connolly   
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 (_)-(_)  	                           ..... Anon
	  
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Received on Sat Jun 10 12:58:16 2006

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