[R] residual df in lmer and simulation results

From: Bill Shipley <bill.shipley_at_usherbrooke.ca>
Date: Thu 27 Jul 2006 - 05:01:07 EST

Hello. Douglas Bates has explained in a previous posting to R why he does not output residual degrees of freedom, F values and probabilities in the mixed model (lmer) function: because the usual degrees of freedom (obs - fixed df -1) are not exact and are really only upper bounds. I am interpreting what he said but I am not a professional statistician, so I might be getting this wrong...
Does anyone know of any more recent results, perhaps from simulations, that quantify the degree of bias that using such upper bounds for the demoninator degrees of freedom produces? Is it possible to calculate a lower bounds for such degrees of freedom?

Thanks for any help.

Bill Shipley
North American Editor, Annals of Botany
Editor, "Population and Community Biology" series, Springer Publishing Département de biologie, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke (Québec) J1K 2R1 CANADA

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