Re: [R] NEW: Sociolects in R

From: Charles Annis, P.E. <>
Date: Tue, 01 Apr 2008 10:45:20 -0400


Charles Annis, P.E. phone: 561-352-9699
eFax: 614-455-3265  

-----Original Message-----
From: [] On Behalf Of Peter Dalgaard
Sent: Tuesday, April 01, 2008 10:19 AM
To: R help
Subject: [R] NEW: Sociolects in R

The R translation teams have done a great job in making R usable for people who do not have English as their mother tongue. However, even within English speaking countries, there are groups which have trouble with the language, and it may be valuable to support the Sociolects of these groups too.
Thanks to a generous contribution from Lars Polifo, these features will be made available in an upcoming version of R.

As it turns out, there are some particularly interesting challenges that needs to be addressed. Consider for instance the translation of the t test in the locale en_SF_US.UTF8 (notice the interjection of the code "SF" to denote "San Fernando Valley")

t.test(extra ~ group, oh, baby, data = sleep)

        Welch Two Sample t-test

data: extra by group
t = -1.8608, like, df = 17.776, like, wow, p-value = 0.0794 alternative hypothesis: true difference in means is like, ya know, not equal to 0
95 percent confidence interval:
-3.3654832 0.2054832
sample estimates:
mean in group 1 mean in group 2

           0.75 2.33

Notice that in addition to the simple message string modifications, it has been necessary to modify the parser so as to delete obviously superfluous arguments such as "oh" or "baby" (a particular issue here is that the argument "like" might actually be intended to mean likelihood). Similarly, for se_KC_SE.UTF8 (KC for "kitchen") we have alternate spellings of arguments like "data":

t.test(ixtra ~ gruoop, deta = sleep)

        Velch Tvu Semple-a t-test

deta: ixtra by gruoop
t = -1.8608, dff = 17.776, p-felooe-a = 0.0794 elterneteefe-a hypuzeesees: trooe-a deefffference-a in meuns is nut iqooel tu 0
95 percent cunffeedence-a interfel:
-3.3654832 0.2054832
semple-a isteemetes:
meun in gruoop 1 meun in gruoop 2

           0.75 2.33

Canadian English poses particular problems, which have not yet been resolved. If we are to do it properly, it would entail modifications to the R language itself. For instance we'd have to introduce a "four" loop and change the end-brace to the four-character string "eh?}".

   O__  ---- Peter Dalgaard             ุster Farimagsgade 5, Entr.B
  c/ /'_ --- Dept. of Biostatistics     PO Box 2099, 1014 Cph. K
 (*) \(*) -- University of Copenhagen   Denmark      Ph:  (+45) 35327918
~~~~~~~~~~ - (              FAX: (+45) 35327907

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Received on Tue 01 Apr 2008 - 15:26:19 GMT

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