# Re: [Rd] scale(x, center=FALSE) (PR#14219)

From: Ben Bolker <bolker_at_ufl.edu>
Date: Thu, 04 Mar 2010 23:06:16 +0000 (UTC)

Ben Bolker <bolker <at> ufl.edu> writes:

> Again, I agree with you that the behavior is not optimal, but it is
> very hard to make changes in R when the behavior is sub-optimal rather
> than actually wrong (by some definition). R-core is very conservative
> about changes that break backward compatibility; I would like it if they
> chose to change the function to use standard deviation rather than
> root-mean-square, but I doubt it will happen (and it would break things
> for any users who are relying on the current definition).

[snip]

> I have attached a patch
> file (and append the information below as well) that changes "standard
> deviation" back to "root mean square" and is much more explicit about
> this issue ... I hope R-core will jump in, critique it, and possibly use
> it in some form to improve (?) the documentation ...
>
> [PS: I have written that the scaling is equivalent to sd() "if and
> only if" centering was done. Technically it would also be equivalent if
>

• scale.Rd (revision 51180) +++ scale.Rd (working copy) @@ -41,13 +41,18 @@ equal to the number of columns of \code{x}, then each column of \code{x} is divided by the corresponding value from \code{scale}. If \code{scale} is \code{TRUE} then scaling is done by dividing the - (centered) columns of \code{x} by their standard deviations, and if + (centered) columns of \code{x} by their root-mean-squares, and if \code{scale} is \code{FALSE}, no scaling is done. - - The standard deviation for a column is obtained by computing the - square-root of the sum-of-squares of the non-missing values in the - column divided by the number of non-missing values minus one (whether - or not centering was done). + + The root-mean-square for a (possibly centered) + column is defined as + \eqn{\sqrt{\sum(x^2)/(n-1)}}{sqrt(sum(x^2)/(n-1))}, + where \eqn{x} is a vector of the non-missing values + and \eqn{n} is the number of non-missing values. + If (and only if) centering was done, + this is equivalent to \code{sd(x,na.rm=TRUE)}. + (To scale by the standard deviations without centering, + use \code{scale(x,center=FALSE,scale=apply(x,2,sd,na.rm=TRUE))}.) } \references{ Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988)

(Bump re: suggested update to scale.Rd . Is this under consideration? I'll stop pestering if it's considered unacceptable, just don't want it to vanish without a trace ...)

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